Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline Solar Panels – What’s the Difference?

Evaluation of solar panels is done mainly on the basis of panel options. If you study it carefully, then you will find two major categories of solar panels.

  • Monocrystalline solar panels or Mono
  • Polycrystalline solar panels or Ply

Both panels perform the task of producing energy from the sun, but there are some categorical differences between them.

How do they differ? Which type of panels is better? Which are more efficient? This blog tries to highlight their fundamental difference.

Before we do that, we must understand that solar panels capture energy from the sun rays and convert it into electrical energy. Both types of panels are made from silicon. It is available in abundance, and it is quite durable.

Difference between Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline Solar Panels

  • The solar cells in monocrystalline solar panels are made from a single crystal of silicon. To make it, silicon is formed into bars and then cut into wafers. They are made from the highest grade silicon.  Due to the single crystal, electrons get more space to move. Hence the efficiency achieved is higher. Sleeker aesthetics is a major advantage of using these panels. They tend to have a black hue. Their performance is better even when there is low light.
  • Solar cells of polycrystalline solar panels are made from several silicon fragments melted together. They are also made from silicon, but instead of a single crystal, multiple fragments of silicon are melted together to form wafers. Due to multiple crystals, electrons get less freedom for movement.  These panels are considered less efficient as compared to mono. However, they are less expensive. These panels tend to have a blue hue. These panels are not very efficient in cloudy weather.

Monocrystalline vs. Polycrystalline Solar Panels – Which are right for you?

Well, as we saw, both panels have advantages and limitations. Hence, the option to choose comes down to personal preference.  It also depends on space availability and the availability of finance.

If you have limited space but want to generate the maximum electricity so that panels, then highly efficient monocrystalline panels could be a better choice. Due to its better performance and high efficiency, it comes out to be an economical option despite the high initial cost.

If you have a lot of space available either on the rooftop or ground level, then you should go for low-efficient but cheap polycrystalline panels.

If you are financing the solar system, then you may go for a cheaper option. In case you are paying the whole amount on your own, then it is better to invest in a highly efficient system.

Thus, both panels have advantages and limitations. Every technology has some plus points. You have to choose one as per your requirement. It is important to get a proper analysis done before finalizing the solar panel type. If you can get some solar retailer, who can evaluate and suggest the better option, then it is preferable. It will help in making the right decision without any prejudice. You will get higher performance and more output.

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